Key Steps to Building a Custom Gunite Pool

There are many stages and components that go into building a custom swimming pool. So today we are going to look at some of the different stages and what you should expect.

Depending on the type of construction and scale of the project, the different phases will vary. Here’s a short summary of how a gunite inground pool is built:

Pool Layout

After you and our designer have planned the perfect pool design for you, it’s time to get started. CPC Pools creates an accurate 3D design for each pool and submits all plans and permits to HOA’s and local county planning departments. Before excavation, your pool is laid out according to pool plan specs.

Pool Excavation

Swimming pool excavation is the most important stage in the construction of a new swimming pool. “Dig Day” as it is often called, is one of the most exciting days when building an inground concrete pool. Now that your dream of having your backyard transformed with a pool is really coming true, it’s fun to watch it take shape.

Most inground pools are dug using a excavator and can take approximately 3 to 6 hours for a standard pool. But timing can vary due to number of things,such as access, size, shape, soil conditions, dirt removal, etc. CPC Pools has over 30 years of qualified pool excavation experience.


Swimming Pool Rebar

After a thick layer of stone is spread at the base of the pool for stabilization and to prevent settling. A steel rebar reinforcement frame is installed as the skeleton of the pool and for the gunite to hold on to. It also prevents the pool from cracking.

Pool Plumbing

In a swimming pool plumbing system, there are pipes that bring water from the pool (suction pipes), and one or more pipes that take water back to the pool (return pipes).


Now comes the unique process of “shooting the Gunite” to form the hard concrete shell of your pool. This important stage pertains to the structural part of the pool. A gunite concrete mix is pneumatically applied to the rebar in the pool. CPC Pools use 25% more gunite than most Charlotte area pool builders. More gunite means a thicker wall and a longer lasting pool.


Swimming Pool Tile & Coping

The next step in the construction process is to hand-lay tile around the perimeter of the pool. Tile is a beautiful product that comes in so many shapes, colors and textures. It can change a pool from a basic backyard oasis to an elegant, stunning work of art.

Since water is naturally level, any errors in the straightness or elevation of the pool tile will be instantly visible, therefore CPC Pools use their highly experienced craftsmen to handle all the tile work.

Pump & Filtration Equipment

An energy-efficient pump is installed to move the water from and back to the pool, as well as a filter to catch debris (such as leaves & dirt) out of the pool. All helping to keep your pool water sparkling clear and refreshingly clear.

Pool Decking

The next phase is pouring or laying the decking. Either concrete is poured around the pool or natural stone and/or travertine pavers are laid to match whatever finish you choose.


Plaster is the most common interior finish for many concrete pools, and there are many choices of colors available. A good plaster finish will make the concrete pool smooth and waterproof. CPC Pools has their own certified in-house plaster crew and offers a 10 year warranty.

Pool Fill & Start-Up

Once the pool interior is cleaned and all of the fittings/connections are set. The pool is ready to be filled with water. After the pool is full with water, the equipment is started up and the chemicals are added. At this time, a walk-through is scheduled with the customer to make sure everything agreed to has been completed.

After this stage, your pool is complete and it’s time to swim!

Carolina Pool Consultants are proud to build the finest pools in the Carolina’s. We build custom concrete pools in Charlotte, Cornelius, Waxhaw, Stanley, Huntersville, Denver,Mooresville, Clover, Rock Hill, Fort Mill, Gastonia and surrounding areas.

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